What are nanopublications?

Nanopublications are a formalized and machine-readable way of communicating the smallest possible units of publishable information. This could be, for example, the outcome of a scientific study or a claim made by a particular scientist.

Nanopublications are searchable, citable, and contain authorship and attribution information. The aim is to encourage individual scientific results to be released in a traceable and interoperable format. As such, nanopublications are an effective FAIR means of communicating scientific claims and results. Read more about them at http://nanopub.org/.

Different elements of a nanopublication

From nanopub.org documentation (2020/12/02)

Schematic representation of a nanopubSchematic representation of a nanopub

As can be seen in this image, a nanopublication has three basic elements:

  1. Assertion: The assertion is the main content of a nanopublication in the form of an small atomic unit of information

  2. Provenance: This part describes how the assertion above came to be. This can include the scientific methods that were used to generate the assertion, for example a reference to the kind of study that was performed and its parameters.

  3. Publication Info: This part contains metadata about the nanopublication as a whole, such as when and by whom it was created and the license terms for its reuse.